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Supercomputers are at the forefront of scientific discovery, with their powerful performance capabilities enabling researchers to predict climate change and discover new drugs. Unlike desktop or laptop computers, supercomputers operate on a different set of principles, allowing them to process enormous data files and perform calculations at incredible speeds. With their advanced infrastructure requirements, including sophisticated cooling systems, these machines are considered the fastest computers globally.

In terms of structure, supercomputers have more components than desktop computers. Laptops may have one CPU and one GPU, but supercomputers boast thousands of CPUs and GPUs. Their performance is measured in FLOPS, with the most powerful exascale supercomputer currently available having a capacity of one exaFLOP. These machines are at the cutting edge of technology and scientific research.

Frontier is currently the most powerful supercomputer globally, located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, USA. Other notable supercomputers include Aurora in Illinois and Eagle owned by Microsoft Azure in Finland. Fugaku in Japan is another powerful machine that has been used for a wide range of research areas such as healthcare and artificial intelligence. Lumi in Finland has also been used for materials science research while Leonardo in Italy has been used for climate prediction research among others. Summit in Tennessee is yet another powerful machine that has played an essential role in pushing the boundaries of scientific research.

These machines are used for a variety of scientific research areas, from healthcare to materials science to artificial intelligence. They offer researchers an unprecedented level of computing power that allows them to tackle complex problems with ease.

Supercomputers are critical tools for scientists seeking to advance our understanding of the world around us. With their ability to process vast amounts of data and perform complex calculations at unparalleled speeds, these machines allow researchers to push the limits of what’s possible and continue making breakthroughs that will shape our future.

In conclusion, supercomputers play an essential role in scientific discovery by providing researchers with the tools they need to tackle complex problems at lightning-fast speeds. With Frontier currently leading the way as the world’s most powerful machine, we can expect even more groundbreaking discoveries from these advanced computing devices in the years ahead.

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