New research suggests that men who experience specific types of job-related stress may have a higher risk of heart disease compared to those who do not. The study followed over 6,500 white-collar workers for 18 years and identified two job-related conditions that were linked to higher cardiovascular risks.
Job strain, characterized by high demands such as heavy workloads and tight deadlines, coupled with low control, such as having little say in decision making, was one of the conditions identified. On the other hand, effort-reward imbalance occurs when a person puts in high effort but receives low salary, recognition, or job security in return.
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