Breaking News

This photo offered by researcher Katsuhiko Hayashi shows mice derived from stem cells, 4 weeks immediately after their birth, in Osaka, Japan in September 2021. In a study published Wednesday, March 16, 2023, in the journal Nature, scientists led by Hayashi have designed infant mice with two fathers for the 1st time by turning male mouse stem cells into female cells in a lab. (Katsuhiko Hayashi by way of AP)

For the 1st time, scientists have designed infant mice from two males.

This raises the distant possibility of making use of the similar approach for folks – despite the fact that specialists caution that extremely couple of mouse embryos created into reside mouse pups and no one particular knows whether or not it would perform for humans.

Nonetheless, “It’s a extremely clever technique,” mentioned Diana Laird, a stem cell and reproductive specialist at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not involved in the analysis. “It’s an crucial step in each stem cell and reproductive biology.”

Scientists described their perform in a study published Wednesday in the journal Nature.

Very first, they took skin cells from the tails of male mice and transformed them into “induced pluripotent stem cells,” which can create into a lot of distinctive kinds of cells or tissues. Then, by means of a course of action that involved developing them and treating them with a drug, they converted male mouse stem cells into female cells and made functional egg cells. Lastly, they fertilized these eggs and implanted the embryos into female mice. About 1% of the embryos – 7 out of 630 – grew into reside mouse pups.

Sign up for our absolutely free Each day Headlines newsletter

The pups appeared to develop typically and have been capable to grow to be parents themselves in the usual way, analysis leader Katsuhiko Hayashi of Kyushu University and Osaka University in Japan told fellow scientists at the Third International Summit on Human Genome Editing final week.

In a commentary published alongside the Nature study, Laird and her colleague, Jonathan Bayerl, mentioned the perform “opens up new avenues in reproductive biology and fertility research” for animals and folks. Down the road, for instance, it may be probable to reproduce endangered mammals from a single male.

“And it may even deliver a template for enabling extra folks,” such as male similar-sex couples, “to have biological kids, although circumventing the ethical and legal troubles of donor eggs,” they wrote.

But they raised numerous cautions. The most notable one particular? The approach is exceptionally inefficient. They mentioned it is unclear why only a tiny fraction of the embryos placed into surrogate mice survived the causes could be technical or biological. They also stressed that it is nevertheless as well early to know if the protocol would perform in human stem cells at all.

Laird also mentioned scientists will need to be mindful of the mutations and errors that may possibly be introduced in a culture dish prior to making use of stem cells to make eggs.

The analysis is the most up-to-date to test new methods to build mouse embryos in the lab. Final summer season, scientists in California and Israel designed “synthetic” mouse embryos from stem cells with out a dad’s sperm or a mom’s egg or womb. These embryos mirrored all-natural mouse embryos up to eight ½ days immediately after fertilization, containing the similar structures, like one particular like a beating heart. Scientists mentioned the feat could at some point lay the foundation for producing synthetic human embryos for analysis in the future.


The Related Press Overall health and Science Division receives assistance from the Howard Hughes Healthcare Institute’s Science and Educational Media Group. The AP is solely accountable for all content material.

Leave a Reply