Migratory species are at risk of extinction due to various factors, including habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change. Almost half of the world’s migratory species are decreasing in population, with birds, sea turtles, whales, sharks, and other migratory animals being particularly vulnerable. As a crucial element of survival for some species, endangering migration could lead to extinction. The United Nations has released a report highlighting the importance of stopover sites for migratory species.
The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List and emphasized that conservation measures must be taken to protect these species from extinction. The U.N. meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan is reviewing proposals for conservation measures and considering adding new species to the lists of concern. These decisions are essential as no single country can save these species alone.
At the meeting, eight South American governments plan to propose adding two species of declining Amazon catfish to the list of migratory species of concern. The Amazon River basin is the largest freshwater system in the world and protecting it is vital for the survival of these catfish and other migratory species that rely on it for their existence. In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada. This commitment is necessary to ensure that migratory species continue to thrive and contribute to biodiversity on our planet.